Amber pieces are torn away from the under the ocean and are hurled onto the shore by waves. Then it is collected by hand or dredging within the Baltic region. In other regions, mining is the form for getting amber. This is done in the open and underground. Pieces of the "blue earth" amber have to be cleaned off and as well as the opaque crust cleaned. The amber is usually cleaned with sand and water in barrels. Amber that is from the ocean has the crust removed as it travels to the shore. To mine Blue Amber from the Dominican, it is done through a dangerous method due to risks of tunnel collapse called "bell pitting"
There are Amber deposits around the world, but the main and oldest form of amber is from the Cretaceous age or younger is found on the coastline near Konigsberg in Prussia. At one time this is where the largest amount of amber came from. Around all of the amber found today is still in the Kaliningrad Oblast part of Russia on the Baltic Sea. This area was known as Konigsberg in Prussia prior to World War II. The Kaliningrad Amber Factory mines and produces amber within the Russian Federation. They offer amber jewelry of all types and semi-completed products. They also produce oil from amber oil and acid from amber. The company ships its products through various partners in Germany, Italy, Japan, Demark and Poland. In 1947 the Kaliningrad Amber Factory was built and is located in Yantarny, Russian Federation.
Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Frisian Islands, Germany, Poland, Latvia, Estonia, Lithuania are all included in the Baltic region. Also included are the Czech and Slovak Republics, Switzerland, United Kingdom and France.
There have been a vast number of new amber deposits located in India that has produced amber fossils that date to the Early Eocene era (50-52 million years ago). These amber fossils have a close evolutionary relationship with some of the fossils found from the Americas, Asia and Europe. The amber produced there has some of the oldest evidence from the tropical broadleaf rainforest located in Asia.
Amber that is mined in the Dominican Republic has a diversity of inclusions contained in the stones. There is a ten times higher occurrence of insect fossils in the Dominican Amber than in the Baltic amber that is found. The Dominican amber is also more transparent by up to 90% than amber found elsewhere. Also, the amber that is found in the Dominican Republic varies in a multitude of colors ranging from a light yellow to a deep red. There can even be blue amber and the very rare smoky green amber found.